Almost every industry in countries around the world, including the Philippines, uses steel one way or another – the material isn’t called the backbone of the economy for no reason. This is not an exaggeration because the role of steel in our daily lives becomes extremely obvious if you take a second to stop and look around.
Among the countless industries in existence, construction is the biggest consumer of steel, taking approximately half of the entire supply. The automobile sector is a distant second and accounts only for a quarter of steel consumption. At third place is the energy sector with 10% of the world’s steel supply under their belts.
Because of the material’s many uses, it’s crucial that every piece is of high-quality and there are a few ways to do this. The best tip or suggestion we can make for steel quality control is to try out these different tests that are done to determine the properties of the material. If you want to know more, then simply continue reading below!
Flexibility, resistance level, and soundness of the steel material are determined through the bend test. It is one of the most inexpensive qualitative tests used and is done by deforming the material midway, essentially bending it. The main purpose of the bend test is to determine whether the material is able to withstand pressure. If it does, then it can be cleared for high-pressure applications like construction. If not, then it is labeled to be used for other purposes.
Yield Strength Test
The yield strength test is done by taking a steel sample and pulling it with controlled but gradually increasing force until it changes shape or breaks. This test is done to determine the elastic limit of the material and is often done on steel that is going to be converted to a product. Manufacturers prefer steel with high yield strength because they can easily alter its shape without causing any damage to the material. Steel that passes yield strength is especially useful for home projects that have special desings.
As the name suggests, a tension strength is done to provide information regarding the material’s tensile strength. In simpler terms, it aims to find out how the steel will react when force is applied on it and also to determine how much load the material can withstand. This test is carried out pretty much like the yield strength test where the material is stretched out until it breaks.
Although the other tests listed here are necessary to check the quality of your steel, the chemical test is probably the most important one because it analyzes the material at a molecular level. The chemical content needed in a steel material depends on its intended purpose. Some require high chemical content, while others need lower levels of chemical in the material. This can be easily adjusted perfectly for the desired project and that is basically what the chemical test is for.
We really only have one tip for checking and controlling the quality of your steel materials and that’s to perform the appropriate tests and match results to your intended purpose. If you fail to do this, then any project you intend to do is sure to be a failure.
Steel will always be one of the main foundation of any construction projects. Without high quality steel, your house will likely to fall to strong weather conditions or after a long time. Remember: steel is an extremely useful product but it’s bound to lose its purpose if you don’t utilize it the right way!