Heart diseases of various kinds have become quite common nowadays owing to stagnant lifestyle and unhealthy eating habits. As per Dr. Samin K Sharma, who is listed amongst the best cardiac surgeons in India, heart diseases of various kinds are the leading cause of death in the world today and this has led to a lot of pressure on the doctors and surgeons to provide better and more effective treatment options in order to save the patients. The heart is a very complicated organ consisting of different valves and chamber along with a network of blood channels. The normal functioning of all of these is crucial for our existence. It is very important to know about all of these conditions and their symptoms so that you can recognize the warning signs very easily and seek immediate medical help.
Coronary heart diseases are a group of heart problems that affect the blood channels associated with the heart. This hinders the normal flow of blood in the body and increases the risks of cardiac arrest stroke and heart failure. The blockage in the blood vessels and arteries may be a result of stenosis, old age or a chronic injury and is usually marked by breathlessness, nausea and fatigue.
Angina is triggered by the insufficient supply of oxygen to the heart and is marked by chronic pain or discomfort in the chest, arm, neck and jaw. It can be a result of many factors that include the clogging of the arteries, blood vessels or valves. Angina is your heart’s way if telling you that something is not right. Sometimes the problem may worsen without any specific reason leading to unstable angina. This may last for a brief period of time and is often marked by restlessness and unbearable pain. In such cases, you need to see a doctor immediately.
Heart attack or myocardial infarction is one if the most common heart problems that can affect people of any age group. It occurs when the oxygen supply to the heart is suddenly stopped and this may happen due to a variety of reasons that include stenosis and cause severe damage to the heart muscles. The patient experiences sudden pain the chest and left arm accompanied by difficulty in breathing.
Heart Failure refers to a condition marked by the inability of the heart to perform its function of pumping blood to various organs.
Arrhythmia or abnormal heart rhythms is caused by disrupted electrical signals within our heart. In case the patient’s heartbeat is faster than a regular heartbeat, the condition is known as tachycardia and if his/her heartbeat is slower than a regular heartbeat, the condition is known as bradycardia.
Valvular diseases are marked by the inability of the heart valves to function properly which hinders the flow of blood through these. Aortic stenosis and pulmonary stenosis are examples of these. These are often marked by shortness of breath, swollen ankles, fatigue, chest pain (angina or palpitations) and dizziness or fainting.
Apart from these, high blood pressure, congenital heart diseases and inherited heart problems can also drastically impact your health.
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