All about Surgery; its procedure, Risks, and the Stages

By April 25, 2019

A kind of medical treatment in which a cut is made in our body by the surgeon to remove and repair the damaged part is known as Surgery. In medical terminology, Surgery is the branch of medicine that deals with treating diseases by using operative procedures and incision, whenever required.

There can be many reasons to have surgery whether you need to cure disease, or to repair any body part or to improve any body function. There is always some kind of pain left with surgery.

You will also be at risk of complications including, infections, excessive bleeding, side effects of anesthesia after surgery.

Here we will read who should undergo the process of surgery, what are its risks, how does the procedure works and what are the stages of your surgery.

Patients with the following conditions should undergo surgery:

  • If he is suffering from the severe painful situation.

  • If he is experiencing trouble in body functions.

  • If he is diagnosed with severe disease.

Not all patients are immediately treated with surgery. They are firstly examined by doctors that their body is capable of handling the pros and cons of surgery or not. In many cases, patients body are too sensitive that they might not withstand the process.


The risk factors are based on the type of surgery performed. Sometimes, it also depends on the body’s immune system. The patient can suffer complications such as:

  • Postoperative pain.

  • Blot clotting.

  • Infection.

  • Excessive bleeding.

  • Fatigue.

  • Side effects of anesthesia.

  • Swelling near the site of surgery.

  • Bruising near the site of surgery.

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Surgery is a process of treatment that involves surgical instruments, a team consisting of a surgeon, assistant surgeon, anesthesiologist, surgical nurse, and a surgical technologist. The process might take lots of minutes or hours depending on the type of surgery. Different procedures involve different types of pre and post-operative care.

Before the surgical process, the patient has to undergo a medical examination and if they fit to undergo surgery then they are asked for their consent, which is required to acquire a surgical clearance.

Once the surgery is done, the patient is given proper instructions about how to take care of himself until their full recovery. During a few days, patients are closely monitored in the hospital. Later they are given proper instructions about how to take care of each small thing at home. They are also given medicines to speed up the recovery and lower the risk of post-surgery complications.


Here, we will learn about the stages of surgery:

Before surgery:  Once you are scheduled for surgery, you will get a call from the hospital or nurse. You will be asked about your health issues so that they can continue the surgical process. You will also be asked to come to the hospital a few hours prior to the surgery so that they can get sufficient time to get you ready for the surgery. Prior to the surgery, if you suffer from any sort of health issue-even if it is cold or flu- make sure to discuss with your surgeon.

During surgery:

You will be given a dose of anesthesia by the anesthesia specialist depending on the type of surgery you are undergoing. You will be injected local anesthesia, which is given to numb the specified area and the regional anesthesia, which is given to numb the entire section of the body such as arms, eyes or part below the waist.  You will also be given an injection of anesthesia which places you in a deep stage of sleep so that your body can tolerate the procedure of surgery. An anesthesia doctor is always present during the surgery is performed.

After the surgery:

After surgery, you are immediately shifted to the Post Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU) and after one or two hours you are shifted to the outpatient area.

Recovering after surgery:  You will be provided a list of instructions that you must follow after the surgical process. Take rest as much as you can. Do not exert your body too much.  Follow the instructions you are given for diet, exercise, medication and wound care.

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